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በአውሮፓዊያኑ 2016 በመላው አለም 50 ጊዜ መንግስታት የኢንተርኔት አገልግሎትን ዘግተዋል ተባለ

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የኢንተርኔት አገልግሎት

በ 2015 ብቻ የኢንተርኔት መዘጋት አለማችንን 2.4 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ገንዘብ አክስሯል
በመላው አለም በአውሮፓዊያኑ 2016 ብቻ ከ 50 ጊዜ በላይ የኢንተርኔት መዘጋት እንዳጋጠመ ተዘገበ፡፡ አክሰስ ናው የተባለውና በመላው አለም የኢንተርኔት ማግኘትና መጠቀም መብት እንዲከበር የሚሰራው ድርጅት ይፋ ባደረገው ሪፖርት መሰረት መንግስታት በአንድ አመት ብቻ ከ 50 ጊዜ በላይ ኢንተርኔትን በተለያየ ምክንያት ዘግተዋል፡፡ ይህ ሁኔታ ደግሞ የመናገር መብትንና የሀሳብ ነጻነትን የሚገድብ ብቻ ሳይሆን የሰብአዊ መብትንም ጭምር የሚጋፋ ነው ተብሏል፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ ኢንተርኔት ለረጅም ጊዜ መዘጋቱን የተናገረው ሪፖርቱ ከምርጫ፣ ከፖለቲካ ወይም ከሀገር አቀፍ ፈተና ጋር በተገናኘ መንግስታቱ ኢንተርኔትን እንደሚዘጉ ተገልጿል፡፡

መቀመጫውን በአሜሪካ ያደረገው አለም አቀፉ የፖሊሲና የስትራቴጂ ጥናት ተቋም ብሩኪንክ ኢንስቲትዩት በበኩሉ በ 2015 ላይ በመላው አለም የተከሰቱ የኢንተርኔት መዘጋቶች 2.4 ቢሊዮን ዶላር የኢኮኖሚ ክስረትን በምድራችን ላይ አስከትሏል፡፡ የኢንተርኔት መዘጋት ኪሳራው ብዙ ቢሆንም መንግስታት ጉዳዩን ቸል በማለት ይህን የመገናኛ ዘዴ መዝጋታቸውን በሰፊው ገፍተውበታል ይላል ሪፖርቱ፡፡

በ 2015 በኢንተርኔት መዘጋት ትልቅ ገንዘብ ከከሰሩ ሀገራት መካከል ህንድ 968 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ስታጣ ሳውዲ አረብያ 465 እንዲሁም ሞሮኮ 320 ሚሊዮን ዶላር ሀብት ከስረዋል ተብሏል፡፡

በቅርብ ጊዜያት የወጣ አንድ የብሩኪንግ መረጃ እንደጠቆመው በኢትዮጵያ ባለፈው አመት ላይ ለጥቂት ጊዜት የተፈጠረ የኢንተርኔት መስተጓጎል ከ 7 ሚሊዮን ዶላር በላይ ኪሳራ ማምጣቱ መዘገቡ ይታወሳል፡፡

በ 19 የአለም ሀገራት ከ 81 ጊዜ በላይ የአጭር ጊዜ የኢንተርኔት መቋረጥ ተከስቷል ተብሏል፡፡ በዚህ ሳቢያም ኢራቅ 209 ሚሊዮን ዶላር፣ ዲሞክራቲክ ሪፐብሊክ ኮንጎ 72 እንዲሁም ፓኪስታን 69 ሚሊዮን ዶላር መክሰራቸው ተዘግቧል፡wired

Read More: Governments around the world enacted internet shutdowns over 50 times in the last year, according to a report focusing on the impact of such draconian actions.
In purely monetary terms, the shutdowns resulted in economic slowdowns that cost a total of $2.4bn (£1.9bn), according to research by The Brookings Institution, a Washington, DC-based nonprofit public policy organisation. Some of the biggest losses came from India ($968m), Saudi Arabia ($465m), Morocco ($320m), Iraq ($209m), Republic of the Congo ($72m), and Pakistan ($69m).

However, even those figures may not convey the full scale of the costs – the Brookings research looked at “81 short-term shutdowns in 19 countries over the past year”.

Of greater concern is the impact the shutdowns had on human rights around the world. Per news agency IPS, the actions may have suppressed elections, limited free speech, and have even been associated with human rights violations.

“What we have found is that internet shutdowns go hand in hand with atrocities,” Deji Olukotun, Senior Global Advocacy Manager at digital rights organisation Access Now told IPS.

“In Ethiopia there’s been consistent blocking this year of social media and internet,” Olukotun said, adding that people have died “during the kind of blackout where it’s difficult to report on what’s happening”.

Elsewhere, Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni shut down social media in February 2016, a move echoed in Gambia in December, which Olukotun says was “surrounding the election”.

Olukotun also highlighted the ways in which internet access was being blocked, with some countries blocking specific social media services, and others creating a ‘walled garden’, where only state-approved sites were accessible.

“It’s important that the internet that people do get online to gives them access to the whole internet and it’s not just a walled garden,” Olukotun said.

Olukotun also suggested that organisations such as the International Telecommunications Union, the United Nations’ information and communication agency, could do more, such as being more forthcoming in issuing statements in response to shutdowns.

 

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